Sihirtes, sigies, olasnes -- mythical beings of North-Samoyed peoples
The mythical peoples of Nenets folklore, especially the sihirtes, are typically in the focus of scientific interest. The classical article of Chernetsov and of Vasiljev presents us the theory that sihirtes were the old inhabitants of North-Siberia. This kind of theory influenced several ongoing researches, particularly in the field of archaeology of Yamal peninsula, but following the summary of sihirte-legends generally there aren't virtually any comparative research about the parallel tendency of the other North-Samoyed peoples. Besides, the other mythical individuals of Nenetses, Enetses and Nganasans have to be taken into account, also. It's important to accumulate the semantic signs of these kinds of creatures, thus we can see the text among them. Sadly from the Enets we don't have got numerous data as from the two other languages, but still some conclusions may be made.
1 ) Nenets mythological peoples -- sjudba, parne, sihirte
To start with, I would like to provide these mythological peoples as the myths of sihirte-people are normal in Nenets folklore. The fact that Nenets folklore is definitely rich in leaders is a common knowledge. In the initial folklore collections, collected simply by M. A. Castrén and T. Lehtisalo, we find many narratives about these creatures.
The most frequent mythical becoming of Nenets folklore is referred to as sjudba. These creatures largely described as titans. We can create two larger groups of the texts made up of data of sjudba-s. Inside the first group we find the Nenets mythical narratives. In the second one you will find the narratives that are versions of around the world known tale-types or a lot like them. The contemporary collections contain more texts from your second type. The initial collections focused in the gothic myths and mythical text messages.
From the narratives it is crystal clear that the sjudba-s are in enmity with humans, that they eat all of them, if they will. In spite of this kind of, sometimes they use the help of human beings. (Or, we must say characters, as they are deity ancestors of humans) They live largely in straightener tents, mountain range or peninsulas of waterways, but as punishment they have to live further within the earth. The heroes get rid of them and send them under the universe as they consumed their siblings or sisters or the hero himself. From this last circumstance he reduces himself out of the stomach from the sjudba. The sjudba-s are slain or got into contact with by the characters in type of small parrots. Sjudba-s have reindeer sleight, but their anstandig is a mamooth (rein in the earth) or perhaps bears in a fewer edition. They are hunters, don�t have reindeer-herds. About their appearance we all know only just a little. They avoid look have got really exceptional looks, possibly their big size is not mentioned inside the original text messaging. In the new texts they are the giant helpers of the hero, and in an exclusive text a chaser dresses up as a sjudba, and scares a girl inside the forest. So in these texts their particular enormous size is important.
Sjudba-girls can marry with characters, and heroes take the fancy of sjudba-girls easily. Sjudba-s don't meet with individuals, as they go on other globe and there are not any connection, exept for shamans. As we become familiar with from shaman songs and charmings they could be helping mood as well. There are some special types of sjudba-s: furry sjudba and resin-sjudba#@@#@!!.
The tale-like narratives are mainly are part of several stupid ogre types (e. g. ATU 1086, ATU 1091), if the human is significantly smarter compared to the stupid big. There is an adaptation of AT 301B, The Strong Man and Companions, the worldwide known fairy tale.
The sjudba-s survive the same host to parne-s. Parne appears often in common myths, its physique wasn't adapted into more recent types of tales. Parne is a totally negative number, which is unusual in these folklores. Parne-s are mostly women, but in some misconceptions there are complete parne-families. Parne-s happen to be enmity with humans. They appear in woodlands, they come out from holes of...