Political Scientific research Research Paper War on Drugs

JustinВ MyersВ

Prof. В BatesВ

PoliticalВ ScienceВ

25В AprilВ 2015В В

WarВ onВ DrugsВ

FromВ drugВ wars, В toВ drugВ cartels, В andВ governmentВ control, В theВ warВ onВ drugsВ hasВ beenВ aВ criticalВ issueВ throughoutВ theВ UnitedВ States. В FromВ theВ earlyВ yearsВ ofВ theВ 1970'sВ toВ theВ 1980's, В thereВ hasВ beenВ aВ majorВ upriseВ ofВ theВ useВ ofВ drugsВ andВ narcotics. В However, В throughoutВ theВ developmentВ ofВ lawВ makingВ andВ restrictions, В thereВ haveВ beenВ numerousВ amountsВ ofВ policiesВ thatВ haveВ beenВ placedВ uponВ thisВ controversialВ issueВ byВ theВ government. В В FromВ theВ beginningВ ofВ time, В theВ warВ onВ drugsВ hasВ sparkedВ anВ upriseВ ofВ controversialВ issuesВ throughoutВ itsВ courseВ ofВ existence. В OfВ course, В thereВ hasВ beenВ manyВ policiesВ thatВ haveВ beenВ placedВ uponВ thisВ issueНѕВ however, В asВ aВ resultВ thereВ stillВ seemsВ toВ beВ noВ resolvanceВ toВ thisВ subjectВ matter. В TheВ warВ onВ drugsВ hasВ sparkedВ tremendouslyВ asВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ hadВ reliedВ onВ MexicoВ toВ beВ theirВ mainВ suppliersВ ofВ Marijuana. В InВ theВ lateВ 1960'sВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ demandsВ forВ marijuanaВ wasВ slowlyВ increasingВ asВ theВ AmericanВ populationВ beganВ toВ smokeВ marijuanaВ regularly. В YearsВ later on, В theВ useВ ofВ marijuanaВ grewВ enormouslyВ byВ aВ majorityВ ofВ theВ militaryВ asВ wellВ asВ hippies. В PresidentВ NixonВ beganВ toВ realizeВ thatВ theВ useВ ofВ drugsВ wasВ becomingВ outВ ofВ controlВ asВ the, В " workingВ­classВ whiteВ soldiersВ whoВ wereВ disobeyingВ authority, В theВ hippies, В andВ theВ antiВ­warВ activists… allВ ofВ theseВ problems, В theyВ believed, В wereВ regularlyВ highВ onВ marijuanaВ (WattВ 37). В TheВ ratesВ continuedВ toВ riseВ withinВ theseВ combativeВ unitsВ becauseВ ofВ theВ useВ ofВ marijuana. В InВ orderВ toВ

В 

helpВ fixВ theВ chaosВ ofВ drugВ abuseВ inВ theВ US, В PresidentВ NixonВ В placedВ aВ programmeВ calledВ " OperationВ Intercept. ” TheВ ideaВ ofВ thisВ operationВ wasВ toВ completelyВ prohibitВ В anyВ drugВ operationsВ toВ occurВ alongВ theВ Mexican/USВ borderВ (WattВ 37). В However, В asВ aВ result, В theВ policyВ hadВ onlyВ angeredВ theВ MexicansВ whichВ didВ notВ agree, В untilВ theВ PresidentВ ofВ Mexico, В DiazВ Ordaz, В wasВ informed. В TheВ resultВ ofВ thisВ policyВ was, В " quiteВ disastrous, В particularlyВ forВ licitВ MexicanВ trade, В whichВ canВ endureВ anВ embargoВ muchВ lessВ easilyВ thanВ theВ UnitedВ States” (WattВ 37). В MexicoВ agreedВ withВ theВ policyВ placedВ byВ theВ USВ however, В theyВ wereВ conveyingВ thatВ itВ wouldВ beВ moreВ difficultВ toВ banВ suchВ aВ wideВ scaleВ operationВ inВ MexicoВ asВ opposedВ toВ banВ somethingВ inВ theВ UnitedВ States. В InВ theВ UnitedВ States, В lawВ enforcementВ hasВ arrestedВ thousandsВ ofВ individualsВ whoВ haveВ beenВ involvedВ inВ drugВ traffickingВ withВ theВ possessionВ ofВ marijuana. В InВ 2009В " officersВ nationwideВ madeВ anВ estimatedВ 13, 687, 241В arrests… ofВ these, В 1, 663, 582В wereВ forВ drugВ violations, В overВ halfВ ofВ whichВ wereВ forВ marijuanaВ possessions” (ReznicekВ 46). В OverВ theВ courseВ ofВ severalВ yearsВ fromВ theВ beginningВ ofВ policyВ restrictionsВ againstВ drugВ traffickingНѕВ theВ warВ onВ drugsВ isВ aВ constantВ battleВ betweenВ theВ governmentВ andВ civilians. В TheВ majorityВ ofВ drugВ traffickersВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ populationВ comesВ toВ aВ grandВ totalВ of, В " 25В percentВ ofВ world'sВ prisoners” (ReznicekВ 46). В AВ veryВ largeВ majorityВ ofВ theВ prisonВ populationВ isВ servingВ timeВ becauseВ possessionВ ofВ narcoticsВ andВ drugВ trafficking. В InВ 1973В PresidentВ NixonВ declaredВ warВ onВ drugs, В hisВ actionВ towardsВ theВ warВ onВ drugsВ causedВ inВ aВ resultВ ofВ aВ tremendousВ amountВ ofВ moneyВ spentВ onВ theВ antiВ drugВ warВ campaign. В PresidentВ NixonВ wasВ veryВ determinedВ toВ stop, В theВ bigВ­timeВ drugВ smugglersВ (MerinoВ 18). В AsВ yearsВ progressedВ fromВ theВ earlyВ 70's, В millionsВ ofВ dollarsВ haveВ increasedВ toВ 12. 7В billionВ dollarsВ inВ justВ overВ 30В yearsВ (NassoВ 18). В PresidentВ Nixon'sВ effortsВ toВ alleviateВ theВ warВ onВ drugs, В haveВ notВ madeВ anВ effectiveВ impact. В InВ theВ earlyВ 80'sВ theВ useВ ofВ drugsВ increasedНѕВ everyВ yearВ thereВ are, В " 90, 000…В

MyersВ 2В

В 

newВ heroinВ users” (NassoВ 18). В AВ veryВ largeВ amountВ ofВ theВ USВ populationВ haveВ beenВ arrestedВ forВ theВ possessionВ ofВ drugs. В OutВ ofВ almostВ 2В millionВ peopleВ whoВ wereВ arrestedВ forВ possessingВ narcoticsНѕВ itВ isВ saidВ thatВ nearlyВ 700, 000В ofВ thoseВ individualsВ wereВ arrestedВ forВ theВ possessionВ ofВ...

Bibliography:. В CoralВ

Gables, В FL: В UniversityВ ofВ Miami, В NorthВ­SouthВ Center, В 1994. В Print. В

. В Berkeley: В UniversityВ ofВ CaliforniaВ Press, В

mil novecentos e noventa e seis. В Print. В

. В Cambridge, В U. K.: В CambridgeВ UniversityВ Press, В 2001. В Print. В

Merino Noël.   Drug Legalization​

. В FarmingtonВ Hills, В MI: В GreenhavenВ Press, В 2011. В Print. В

Reznicek,  Michael J.  ​

. В Lanham, В MD: В RowmanВ & ampНѕВ LittlefieldВ Publishers, В 2012. В Print. В

Roleff,  Tamara L.  ​

Amexica:  War along the Borderline​

. В NewВ York: В Farrar, В StrausВ andВ Giroux, В 2010. В

Press, В 1995. В Print. В

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