Endangered Types of India Composition

Free flowing and biodiversity rich Rivers:

Most Endangered species in India1

Estuaries and rivers, watersheds and aquatic environments are the biological engines around the planet. They are the basis for life as well as the livelihoods of local communities. Dams change landscapes and create risks of permanent impacts. (WCD2 report s 234)

Riv Cauvery for Shivasamudram, Karnataka. Numerous Mini Hydel Assignments are threatening aquatic biodiversity here, devoid of Environment Impact Assessments. Image: SANDRP

Of india Rivers are some of the last global frontiers of rich fresh water diversity, decreasing in numbers and threatened species. Relating to India's National Biodiversity Action Plan3(p 15), " Nearly 50 percent of the marine plants of the world are documented from the Indian sub-continent yet only a few had been studied in depth. ” India is a very diverse country regarding freshwater fish species (650+ species). In freshwater fish diversity, India is eighth in the world and third in Asia. 4 These rivers support countless livelihoods and indigenous people. Rivers flowing through Asian, Western and North Far eastern Himalayas and Western & Eastern Ghats have been specified as global hotspots of freshwater biodiversity. The European Ghats killer spot is worldwide significant middle of range and endemism for freshwater species where close to 16% of the one particular, 146 freshwater taxa assessed are endangered with termination, with a additional 1 . 9% assessed because Near Vulnerable. While in the Far eastern Himalayan Hotspot, nearly 31% Time is usually running to India's kinds studied are data bad and can Waterways in lack of any strong law, carry very high conservation value. five policy or framework for protecting 1000s of indigenous, forest dwelling its riverine biodiversity and tribes in the North East, Himalayas and based mostly communities using this Western Ghats depend entirely on these onslaught. Can the CBD aid in this estuaries and rivers for livelihoods. Many estuaries and rivers and scenario? riverine expands are sacred and are kept actively simply by local communities. 6 you

Note by www.sandrp.in as part of organising part event in CBD POLICEMAN 11 by Hyderabad (India) in April 2012 in Impacts of Dams about Biodiversity: Socio-economic dimensions inside the context of changing climate, speak to parineeta. [email protected] com or ht. [email protected] com to get comments, concerns. 2 The Report worldwide Commission on Dams, 2k 3 http://nbaindia.org/uploaded/Biodiversityindia/NBAP.pdf, accessed in Oct 5, 2012 5 Biju Kumar, Exotic These people own in and Freshwater Fish Selection, Zoos Print Journal 2150 5 http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/species/our_work/about_freshwater/what_we_do_freshwater/western_ghats/ 6 http://www.internationalrivers.org/resources/india's-community-fish-sanctuaries-protect-wild-fish-and-rivers-1641 www.indiawaterportal.org/post/16079

Free of charge flowing and biodiversity abundant Rivers: Many Endangered kinds in India

Today, India's Rivers, riverine biodiversity and river dependent communities happen to be facing key threats: from large dams, pollution, encroachment, sand exploration, deforestation and bad management practises. These types of factors happen to be impacting every aspects of waterways: ecological, social, cultural, faith based, aesthetic, tourism-related and economic. More than 10. 8 Mil people depend on riverine fisheries alone that are degrading and collapsing in a alarming rate7. Large public works are prepared and are beneath construction around and are affecting ecologically sensitive sites, safeguarded areas, Ramsar sites, Globe Heritage Sites, Biosphere stores, sacred sites, community kept areas alike. Indigenous Individuals are being massively impacted by these kinds of and many have been completely protesting and sending illustrations to the MoEF to end these destructive projects. almost eight Especially, in north east State of Sikkim, chute of public works are destroying rivers and sites organised sacred by many tribes and religions9. non-etheless, dams are getting permissions, disregarding community problems, ecological concerns, expert reviews...

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